Past indefinite tense in Hindi

past indefinite tense in hindi

पहचान : sentence में अगर के अंत में या, यी , ता थी , ते थे , ती थे , आदि शब्द आते है।

अगर sentence में yesterday, ago या past का कोई सन या last time दिया हो तो sentece past indefinite tense में ही prefer होता है।

Past indefinite tense in Hindi

  1. Affirmative
  2. Negative
  3. Interrogative

present continuous perfect tense hindi to english

Affirmative

Subject + verb2 + Object

  1. वह कल दुर्घटनाग्रस्त हो गया – He met with an accident yesterday.
  2. हमने अपना काम शुरू किया – We began our work.
  3. मैं पिछले महीने मुंबई गई थी – I went to mumbai last month.
  4. हमने फल खाये – we ate fruits.
  5. डाकिया ने कॉलोनी में पात्र बाटे – The postman delivered letters in the colony.
  6. रानी ने मधुर गीत गाया – Rani sang a sweet song.
  7. वह जयपुर में पढ़ी – She studied at Jaipur.
  8. उसने मुझे गाली दी – He abused me.
  9. मैंने झाड़ियों में चूहा देखा – I saw a mouse in the bushes.
  10. तुम उस बगीचे में खेले – You played in the garden.

Present continuous tense in Hindi

Negative

Subject + did not + verb1 + object

  1. वे मेरे घर नहीं आये थे – They did not come at my home.
  2. हम क्रिकेट नहीं खेले – We didi not play cricket.
  3. मैं तुम्हे नहीं चाहती – I did not like you.
  4. उसने कुए से पानी नहीं खींचा – He did not draw water from the well.
  5. वह मेरा नाम नहीं भूली -She did not forget my name.
  6. हम स्कूल नहीं गए – We did not go to school.
  7. हम अलवर में नहीं रहे – We did not live at alwar.
  8. हम नदी में नहीं नहाये – We did not bath in the river.
  9. पत्ता पेड़ से नहीं गिरा – The leaf did not fall from the tree.
  10. मैं रात में देर से नहीं सोई – I did not sleep late last night.

Interrogative

Did + subject + v1 + object.

Did + subject + not + v1 + object.

present continuous perfect tense hindi to english

  1. क्या राहुल रोया ? – did rahul weep?
  2. क्या रानी ने मधुर गीत गया ? – Did rani sing a sweet song?
  3. क्या उसने मुझे गली दी ? – Did he abuse me?
  4. क्या वे क्रिकेट खेले ? – Did they play cricket?
  5. क्या सीमा स्कूल गई ? – Did seema go to school?

Present Indefinite Tense in Hindi

Exam point

#rule1.

अगर sentece में कोई past का समय न दिया हो लेकिन वह एक ऐसा Effect है जो speaker को पता है तब भी past indefinite में बनता है।

present perfect continuous tense

ज्यादातर इसमें past की घटना होती है

  1. Godse killed Gandhi.
  2. Rama killed Ravana.

#rule2.

अगर कुछ phrases हो it is time, it was time, it is high time, it is about time तथा उनके बाद कोई subject लिखा हो तो हमेशा Past Indefinite tense का उपयोग किया जाता है।

  • It is time/ It was time/ It is high time/ It is about time + sub + v2 या did not v1
  • It is time for you/ me/ him/ her + to v1
  • It is time + to + v1

ADVERB IN HINDI

Example:

  1. It is high time you went to your brother.
  2. It is time for you to study.
  3. It is time to study.

#rule3.

अगर sentece में as if या as though दिया हो तो इनके पहले बाला clause किसी भी tense में हो सकता है लेकिन इनके बाद past indefinite या sub + were + subject/ pronoun/ adjective.

  1. She poses as if she was Aiswarya.
  2. He behaves as if the earth belonged to him.

#rule4.

अगर sentence conditional है तो if clause Past Indefinite में है तो अगला clause में would could might + v1 का उपयोग करते है।

  1. If they asked ablout the address I would tell them.
  2. If akash had a BMW he would give it to mahish.

CONJUNCTION IN HINDI

#rule5.

अगर past में दो काम एक साथ हो तो दोनों ही past indefinite में होंगे।

  • उसने मुझसे मदद मांगी लेकिन मैंने मना कर दिया।
  • He asked me for help but I refused.

#rule6.

जब भी who से subject पूछा जाये ( यानि subject गायब हो ) तब भी who के साथ (do, does, did) का उपयोग नहीं करते है यही कारण है की who वाला sentece कभी कभी Interrogative होते हुए भी उसमे helping verb नहीं होता है तथा सीधे main verb रहती है।

Who helped you in disaster?

ADJECTIVE IN HINDI

COUNTABLE NOUN AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUN in Hindi

CONDITIONAL SENTENCE IN HINDI

English causatives verb in Hindi

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